Bài tập chuyển đổi từ hiện tại hoàn thành sang quá khứ đơn ( và ngược lại ) có đáp án

     
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CHUYỂN ĐỔI TỪ HIỆN TẠI HỒN THÀNH lịch sự QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN ( VÀ NGƯỢC LẠI) A. LÝ THUYẾT : 1. This is the first time I have seen him (đây là đầu tiên tơi thấy anh ta ) =>I have never seen him before. ( tơi chưa khi nào thấy anh ta trước đây ) chủng loại này cĩ dạng : Đây là lần đầu tiên làm chuyện đĩ => chưa bao giờ làm chuyện đĩ trước đây. The first time + S + have/has + V3 / ed + S + have / has + never + V3 / ed before 2.I started / began studying English 3 years ago. (tơi ban đầu học TA cách đó 3 năm ) => I have studied English for 3 years. ( tơi học tập TA được 3 năm ) mẫu mã này cĩ dạng : bước đầu làm gì đĩ cách đây + khoảng thời hạn => đã làm chuyện đĩ for + khoảng thời hạn Nếu khơng cĩ ago cơ mà cĩ when + mệnh đề thì giữ nguyên mệnh đề chỉ đổi when thành since S + started / began + V ( ing)/ to + V(inf) + thời hạn trong quá khứ S + have / has + V(ed/c3) + for / since + thời gian 3. I last saw him when I was a student.( lần cuồi thuộc tơi thấy anh ta là khi tơi là SV ) => I haven"t seen him since I was a student.( tơi đã khơng thấy anh ta từ khi tơi là SV ) mẫu này cĩ dạng : Lần ở đầu cuối làm chuyện đĩ là khi => khơng làm cho chuyện đĩ từ lúc Last : lần cuối. Since : từ lúc S1 + last + V2 / ed + when + S2 + V2 / ed S1 + have / has + V3 / ed + since + S2 + V2 / ed 4. The last time she went out with him was two years ago (Lần cuối cơ ta đi chơi với anh ta cách đây hai năm ) She hasn"t gone out with him for two years.( cơ ta đã khơng đi chơi với anh ta vẫn 2 trong năm này ) The last time + S + V2 / ed + + was + thời gian trong thừa khứ S + haven’t/ hasn’t + V3 / ed + + for / since + thời hạn 5. It"s ten years since I last met him.(đã 10 năm từ khi tơi chạm mặt anh ta lần cuối ) => I haven"t met him for ten years . ( tơi sẽ khơng gặp anh ta 10 năm rồi ) chủng loại này cĩ dạng : Đã khoảng thời gian từ khi làm cái gi đĩ lần cuối => khơng thao tác đĩ được + khoảng thời gian It"s + thời hạn + since + S + last + V2 / ed + S + haven"t / hasn’t + V3 / ed + + for / since + thời gian 6. When did you buy it ? ( chúng ta đã sở hữu nĩ lúc nào ? => How long : thì dùng lúc này hồn thành How long have you bought ? ( chúng ta đã sở hữu nĩ được bao thọ ? ) mẫu mã này cĩ dạng : when : thì dùng quá khứ 1-1 How long : thì dùng bây giờ hồn thànhWhen + did + S + V0 / Vs / es ? / How long ago + did + S + V0? => How long + have / has + S + V3 / ed ? B.Exercises Question I. Find the word which has different sound in the part underlined. 1. A. Wanted B. Washed C. Worked D. Stopped 2. A. Mention B. Question C. Kích hoạt D. Education 3. A. Who B. When C. Where D. What 4. A. Out B. Round C. About D. Would 5. A. There B. Thank C. Thirsty D. Youth Question II. Find the word which has different bao tay pattern from the others. 1.A. Agree B. Father C. Depend D. Enjoy 2. A. Prefer B. Enjoy C. Happen D. Agree 3.A. Doctor B. Father C. Picture D. Fancy 4.A.kitchen B. Visit C. Mistake D. People 5.A. Attend B. Advise C. Affect D. Listen Question III. Complete the sentences with “for” or “since”: 1. We haven’t heard from them ages 2. They waited for you two days 3. They haven’t met him he left the room 4. We have bought the new car 1999 5. Haven’t you seen him Christmas? 6. It was not rained May 7. I haven’t written lớn him five months 8. She has spoken lớn them this morning 9. We have listened to music 8a.m 10. The house been built last year Question IV. Give the teo ect size of the following ve s: 1. I (go) ___ to lớn school by bicycle every day. 2. When I(come)___ home from work, my mother was cooking dinner. 3.They ( play)___football at the moment. 4. If you (study )___harder, you will pass the exam. 5.I wish he (not leave) ___ here 6.He (live) ___in nước australia for 10 years. 7.Ba enjoys (play)___ football in the morning. 8. My house ( build)___ in 2004. 9. If the weather gets worse, we (not go) ___ khổng lồ the beach. 10.I wish I (live) ___ near my school.11. My other usually (go) ___ to lớn school by xe đạp every day. 12. Last night, my father ( watch) ___ TV 13.I wish I ( know) ___her address 14. My father enjoys (watch) ___ television in the evenings. 15.I wish I ( be ) ___ taller. Question V. Use simple past or present perfect lớn complete the following sentences: 1. Her English ( improve ) recently 2. How many pages you (read) so far? 3. We (finish) our homework two hour ago 4. You (be) lớn Rome? 5. I (see) him several times on TV 6. What you (do) last night? 7. This is the first time I (visit) the city 8. They (buy) the garden some days ago 9. I (learn) English since I (be) 11 years old 10. Be careful! I (just clean) the floor 11. The meal (already be) ready. 12.

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I (never read) an interesting story like this before Question VI. Rewrite the following sentences with the words given: 1.Minh last wrote to his pen pal five months ago. Minh hasn’t 2.The last time we visited Kuala Lumpur was 3 years ago. I haven’t 3. When did you study English? How long ? 4. They began building this house 2 months ago They have 5. My father started lớn work in this factory last week My father has 6. How long has he worked in the garden? When ? 7. How long ago did you learn music? How long have 8. He started living in Ho đưa ra Minh thành phố when he was 8 He has 9. He learnt English when he was 18 He has 10. They have worked in that factory for five years. They began 11. My father stopped smoking two years ago. My father hasn’t 12. We have learnt English for four years.>We started 13.My father started lớn give up smoking last year. >My father has 14.They have worked in that factory since 2001. >They started 15. Lan hasn"t written lớn Maryam for a month. >Lan didn"t 16. He has lived in Ha Noi since he was 12. >He started 17. I haven"t met her for a long time. >I didn"t 18. How long have you learnt French ? >How long ago ? 19. How long have you bought this car ? >When did ? 20. When did you start lớn listen khổng lồ classical music ? >How long ? 21. I saw her 10 years ago. >I haven"t 22. The last time I saw him was in June > I 23. He started working in this company 5 years ago > He has 24. They began living here ten years ago > They have 25. Lan started to lớn learn French since 2000 > Lan has been learning 26. The last time Lan went to the zoo was two years ago > Lan 27. I haven’t eaten this kind of food before >This is the first time 28. She has studied Japanese for three years > It’s three years since she started khổng lồ study Japanese 29. It’s two years since she had a holiday > She has 30. This is my first visit khổng lồ Scotland > I . 31. The last time he came lớn the cinema was three weeks ago > He . 32. We haven’t been to lớn the park for 2 days > The last time 33. It’s five years since we last met each other > We .34. We began working the job six months ago > I . 35. They started checking the machines two hours ago >They have 36. He began fixing the xe đạp ten minutes ago >He has 37. She commenced cooking the soup half an hour ago >She has 38. We began doing the thử nghiệm an hour ago > We have 39. Jack began planting flowers three hours ago > Jack has 40. They started building the idge two years ago > They have 41. Nam started learning English in 1998 > phái nam has . 42. Bang began raising birds in May > Bang has 43. Van started collecting stamps on Sunday > Van has 44. Hang began listening to lớn music at 8 o’clock > Hang has 45. Mai commenced making a dress on Saturday > Mai has 46. He began watering the vegetables at nine > He has . 47. Khanh started playng computer games in 2002 > Khanh has 48. Kim commenced doing the test at one o’clock > Kim has . 49. Miss Lien commenced raising the pets in 2010 > Miss Lien 50. Minh began selling lottery tickets in June > Minh has Question VII. Choose the underlined word or phrase (A, B, C or D) that needs co ecting. 1. He said he would go to England next week. A B C D 2. My other enjoys to go to the park on Summer evenings. A B C D3. Nam giới wishes he can speak English fluently. A B C D 4. Mai has stayed on her uncle"s farm for last week. A B C D 5. This is the first time I visited a famous place in Hanoi. A B C D Question VIII. Rewrite sentences without changing meaning of the original ones. 1.You spent more money during the trip than I did. => I didn’t___ 2. Have you ever been to lớn Kuala Lumpur before? => Is this your___ 3. Trung quốc is a huge tourist attraction: it has many old castles and pagodas. => As China___ 4. I found this place rather boring. => I wasn’t___ 5. We last went to lớn Spain three years ago. => It is___ 6. We visited a magnificent old house on the plateau. => The___ 7. We a ived in Budapest two days ago. (FOR) =>We___ two days. 8. I have visited the Stone Forest once before. (SECOND) => This is the___ the Stone Forest. 9. I find it hard to go at the same speed as my other. (UP) => I find it hard to___ my other. 10. Dzung is very fond of travelling. (KEEN) =>Dzung is___ 11. We drove away as fast as we could. (FULL) => We drove away___. 12. We went towards the old house. (DIRECTION) => We went ___the old house. 13. The information I got from the travel agent was very confusing và I didn’t know what was going on. (GAVE) => The travel agent___ & I didn’t know what was going on.